The Health Domain

The NEI Population Health Domain reveals health disparities at the level of Ottawa neighbourhoods (census tract level). It ranks Ottawa neighbourhoods on access to diabetes related health services, emergency room visits for mental health and addiction services, and emergency room visits linked to falls among seniors. Through empirically mapping inequity, this NEI domain aims to support decision makers in making evidence-based decisions that can produce a more equitable, stronger, and healthier Ottawa.


The Ottawa NEI Health Domain has three indicators:

Diabetes Related Health Service

Percentage of people aged 20 and over with diabetes related health service.
Data Source: Ottawa Public Health, Cameron McDermaid MHSc

Falls among Seniors

Aged standardized number of hospital discharges with any diagnosis of fall for population 60 years and over.

Data Source: Ottawa Public Health, Cameron McDermaid MHSc

Mental Health

Average Number of ED Mental Health & Substance Use Visits, 2014-2018.
Data Source: Ottawa Public Health, Cameron McDermaid MHSc

Why this domain matters

Health is not only biologically determined but influenced by environmental factors (built environment), economic factors (income and level of education), and social factors (social network and support). Socio-economic status (SES) interacts with each of the aforementioned factors in a multitude of ways determining individual health outcomes. Low-income status can have a detrimental impact on health, increasing hospitalization rates, incidence of diabetes, acute and chronic health issues, and mortality rates. The interaction of place and health cannot be understated, with the health consequence of living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods outweighing individual socio-economic characteristics.


Universal programs can achieve health improvements for some health inequities, such as obesity, alcohol binging and hospitalizations for injuries in children. Other health inequities, such as mental health disorders, substance use disorders, diabetes, and COPD will require targeted programs with particular attention to the needs of specific low-SES populations and/or neighbourhoods 1.



1 Canadian Institute for Health Information. (2008). Reducing Gaps in Health: A Focus on Socio-Economic Status in Urban Canada. In Canadian Institute for Health Information – report.

Maps and Data related to the Health Domain

Featured Resources

REPORT: Health Equity and Social Determinants of Health In Ottawa

Ottawa Public Health, 2016.

Assesses the relationship between health status and income for thirteen health measures.

WEBSITE: The Ottawa Neighbourhood Study

The Ottawa Neighbourhood Study (ONS) provides data on strengths and challenges for each neighbourhood in Ottawa

RESEARCH: Ottawa Public Health's General Population Health Data

Research, Data and Reports by Ottawa Public Health related to population health and socio-demographic data.

DATA: Health & Wellness theme through Ottawa Insights

By the Ottawa Community Foundation

Find data and indicators related to health & wellness in Ottawa.


By Public Health Ontario

On line courses, interactive modules, research, data and reports for integrating health equity in health promotion programs and policies.

INFOGRAPHIC: A Health Equity Approach

By the Public Health Agency of Canada

Chief Public Health Officer of Canada's health equity approach

REPORT: What is Health Equity?

By the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

A report designed to increase consensus around the meaning of health equity by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF).

RESOURCE: Prevention Institute

Health Equity focus area

Initiatives, research, publications, training and other tools and services related to health equity by the Prevention Institute

MAPPING PORTAL: Isolated Seniors and Food Security

By the Social Planning Council of Ottawa

This dashboard is exploring the presence of vulnerable senior populations that could indicate food insecurity and special diet needs.

Neighbourhood Equity in Action: Health Domain

Find out what others are doing to improve health equity in Ottawa.  Reach out directly to get involved.

Healthy Transportation Coalition

Members of the Healthy Transportation Coalition believe there are many needed improvements in the National Capital Region before we will have a truly healthy transportation network.

Community Development Framework (CDF) brings together residents, community organizations, and city services in priority neighbourhoods across Ottawa in order to identify local community issues, decide on the changes and build on neighbourhood strengths.

Community Gardening Network of Ottawa is an information and resource-sharing network that supports the sustainable development of community gardens within the City.

Aptly nicknamed the “grocery store on wheels,” Market Mobile helps ensure people living in marginalized neighbourhoods have the opportunity to purchase affordable and fresh produce close to where they live.

Community Safety and Well-Being Plan

A Community Safety and Well-Being Plan (by the City of Ottawa) is a way to work together to address common objectives to ensure Ottawa is a safe, healthy and vibrant community.

To build social capital in priority neighbourhoods in support of the Strong Neighbourhoods goal, United Way and partner agencies engaged key stakeholders and volunteers to establish Ottawa Neighbourhoods Social Capital Forum (ONSCF).

Ottawa Good Food Box is a program within the Centretown Community Health Centre , Community Health and Early Years Program that focuses on  delivering affordable boxes of delicious and nutritious vegetables and fruits to 40 neighbourhood locations throughout Ottawa once a month.

(not currently active)
Good Food Markets are community, non-profit markets in Ottawa that sell a variety of high quality, culturally-appropriate fruits, vegetables and dried goods at great value.

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